Nursing Professional Development (NPD) Standards


Article Author:
Barbara Brunt


Article Editor:
Jillian Russell


Editors In Chief:
Sherri Murrell


Managing Editors:
Avais Raja
Orawan Chaigasame
Khalid Alsayouri
Kyle Blair
Radia Jamil
Erin Hughes
Patrick Le
Anoosh Zafar Gondal
Saad Nazir
William Gossman
Hassam Zulfiqar
Navid Mahabadi
Hussain Sajjad
Steve Bhimji
Muhammad Hashmi
John Shell
Matthew Varacallo
Heba Mahdy
Ahmad Malik
Abbey Smiley
Sarosh Vaqar
Mark Pellegrini
James Hughes
Beenish Sohail
Hajira Basit
Phillip Hynes
Sandeep Sekhon


Updated:
1/8/2019 11:48:23 PM

Definition/Introduction

The American Nurses Association (ANA) defines standards for registered nurses. The Scope and Standards for Nursing Professional Development (NPD) describe the competencies that NPD practitioners should perform.  Just as nursing has continued to evolve with the changing healthcare landscape, the roles and responsibilities for NPD practitioners have also evolved. The ANA and specialty organizations periodically review and revise standards; the latest edition of the NPD scope and standards was published in 2016 by the Association for Nursing Professional Development. This edition of the standards emphasizes advancing the specialty of NPD. A research study on key roles for NPD practitioners conducted by Warren and Harper [1] informed changes in the latest edition of the standards. Using a modified e-Delphi technique, they identified 7 key roles for NPD. These were partner for practice transitions learning facilitator, change agent, mentor, leader, champion of scientific inquiry, and advocate for NPD specialty. The NPD practitioner's role as a champion of scientific inquiry is to promote the generation and dissemination of new knowledge. Two themes that emerged from the qualitative data were managing transitions in healthcare worker roles and managing transitions in the NPD role. NPD practitioners need to prepare nursing staff members to assume new roles in our ever-changing healthcare system as health care is moving away from acute care into outpatient and community settings. The NPD practitioner roles are also expanding, with a focus on interprofessional continuing education and collaboration. The term NPD practitioner is the encompassing term that describes a registered nurse who influences professional role competence and professional growth of learners in a variety of settings. The revised standards differentiate 2 levels of competencies, practiced by NPD generalists and NPD specialists, respectively, which is consistent with the ANA standards of practice for nursing. The NPD generalist is a bachelors-prepared nurse with or without NPD certification OR a graduate-level prepared nurse without NPD certification. An NPD specialist has a graduate degree in nursing or a related field and maintains NPD certification. If the graduate degree is in a related field, a baccalaureate degree must be in nursing.[1]

Issues of Concern

The revised standards include a new systems practice model, composed of inputs, throughputs, and outputs. Price[2] delineated the key points of this model as a strategy used to realign their department with the revised standards. Inputs include the NPD practitioner, who continuously conducts environmental scanning, and the learner. Throughputs occur in the context of the interprofessional practice and learning environments and include 7 NPD roles and 6 key areas of responsibility. The standards define learning environment as "any environment in which NPD practice is delivered." Areas of NPD responsibility are:

  1. Orientation and onboarding
  2. Competency management
  3. Education
  4. Role development
  5. Collaborative partnerships
  6. Research/evidence-based practice/quality improvement

The NPD practitioner promotes professional role development by identifying and developing strategies to facilitate a continuous process of maturation through lifelong learning. Standards of practice serve as the core of the model, with the cogs on the central gear of the standards representing the NPD roles. Responsibilities are in a circle on the outside the cogs signifying that NPD practitioners can engage any of the responsibilities simultaneously as they guide the learner toward the desired outcomes. Outputs include learning, change, and professional role competence and growth, which contribute to the optimal care and health and ultimately the protection of the public.[1] Following the ANA guidelines format, the NPD standards are divided into standards of practice and standards of professional performance. The standards of practice outline the educational planning process. Standard 1, Assessment of Practice Gaps, states "the nursing professional development practitioner analyzes issues, trends and supporting data to determine the needs of individuals, organizations, and communities in relation to health care." Standard 2 describes how the NPD practitioner collects data and information to validate an identified professional practice gap and determine if it is a knowledge, skill, or practice gap. Standard 3 summarizes how the NPD practitioner identifies the desired outcomes of the education plan. Standard 4 outlines how the NPD practitioner establishes a plan to achieve the expected outcomes. Standard 5, implementation, has 3 associated standards dealing with coordination, facilitation of positive learning and practice environments, and consultation (NPD specialist only). Standard 6 describes how the NPD practitioner evaluates programs in relation to the attainment of outcomes. There are 10 standards of professional performance. Standard 7 outlines how the NPD practitioner integrates ethics in all aspects of NPD practice. Standard 8 summarizes how the NPD practitioner maintains current knowledge and competency both in nursing and NPD practice. Evidence-based practice and research is an important aspect of NPD practice, and Standard 9 describes how NPD practitioners act as champions of scientific inquiry, generating new knowledge and integrating best available evidence into practice. Standard 10 focuses on the quality of NPD practice and how the NPD practitioner systematically enhances the quality and effectiveness of NPD practice. There is a new standard on change management, standard 11, which identifies how NPD practitioners act as change agents within all settings. Standard 12 addresses leadership; there is a separate article on NPD leadership. Standard 12 outlines how the NPD practitioner collaborates with interprofessional teams, leaders, stakeholders, and others to facilitate nursing practice and positive outcomes. Practice evaluation is an important aspect of any specialty, and standard 14 identifies how the NPD practitioner evaluates his/her practice. Standard 15 relates to resource utilization and how the NPD practitioner considers factors related to quality, safety, effectiveness and cost regarding professional development activities and outcomes. The last standard for professional performance is on mentorship and advancing the profession. This is a new standard in the 2016 edition. and focuses on how NPD practitioners advance the specialty through mentoring and contributions to the professional development of others.

Clinical Significance

All NPD practitioners need to know about and adhere to the NPD standards of practice. NPD practitioners can use them in a variety of ways to enhance NPD practice and advance the specialty. Harper, Maloney, and Shinners[3] provided exemplars of how various organizations operationalized the NPD scope and standards in their settings, including developing roles of the NPD practitioner, developing a departmental purpose and goals, applying the standards to educational programs, and describing challenges identified.


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Nursing Professional Development (NPD) Standards - Questions

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Select which of following models was introduced to accommodate the evolution of Nursing Professional Development (NPD):



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What is the definition of a learning environment, according to the 2016 Scope and Standards for nursing professional development?



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Which of the following is the Nurse Professional Development (NPD) standard that refers to the NPD specialist collecting data and information related to educational needs and other pertinent situations?



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Which Nursing Professional Development standard addresses the safe handling of data, information, and knowledge concerning educational programs and other pertinent situations?



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According to Nurse Professional Development (NPD) Standard 1, "The NPD practitioner analyzes issues, trends and supporting data to determine the needs of ________."



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Which of the following identifies the function emphasized by the revised Scope and Standards of Practice for Nurse Professional Development (NPD)?



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How many Standards of Professional Performance are there for Nursing Professional Development as of 2016?



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Which of the following is the Nursing Professional Development standard satisfied by collaborating with other stakeholders to ensure educational programs are aligned with organizational goals and a strategic plan?



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For which of the following goals will a Nursing Professional Development practitioner use credible data, technology, relevant information, and documented outcomes?



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According to the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development (NPD) Standard 4, which of the following does an NPD specialist establish for prescribing strategies, alternatives, and resources to achieve expected outcomes?



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According to the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development (NPD) standard 5, what does an NPD practitioner do with the identified plan?



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According to the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development (NPD) standard 5A, what does an NPD practitioner do with educational initiatives and activities?



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Which of these terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 5B: "The nursing professional development practitioner __________ strategies and techniques to facilitate positive learning and practice environments"?



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association Nursing Professional Development Standard 5C: "The nursing professional development specialist provides ____________ to influence plans, enhance the abilities of others, and effect change"?



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 6: "The nursing professional development practitioner __________ progress toward attainment of outcomes"?



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 10: "The nursing professional development practitioner systematically enhances the___________ and effectiveness of nursing professional development practice"?



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 8: "The nursing professional development practitioner maintains current knowledge and _____________ in nursing and professional development practice"?



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Which of the following completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 14: "The nursing professional development practitioner ___________ personal practice in relation to professional practice standards and guidelines and relevant statutes, rules, and regulations?"



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 11: "The nursing professional development practitioner acts as a _______ agent within all settings."



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 7: "The nursing professional development practitioner integrates ________ in all areas of practice"?



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development (NPD) standard 13: "The nursing professional development practitioner ________ with interprofessional teams, leaders, stakeholders, and others to facilitate nursing practice and positive outcomes for consumers."



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 9: "The nursing professional practitioner acts as a ____________of scientific inquiry, generating new knowledge and integrating best available evidence into practice"?



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Which of the following terms completes the American Nurses Association's Nursing Professional Development standard 15: "The nursing professional development practitioner considers factors related to quality, ______, effectiveness, and cost regarding professional development activities and expected outcomes"?



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Which of the following best completes the American Nurses Association Nursing Professional Development standard 1: "The nursing professional development practitioner ___________ issues, trends, and supporting data to determine the needs of individuals, organizations, and communities in relation to health care."



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According to the American Nurses Association, which of these does the nursing professional development practitioner facilitate?



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Which of the following is the most accurate description of the Nursing Professional Development practitioner's role as a champion of scientific inquiry?



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Which of the following responsibilities of the nursing professional development practitioner involves identification and development of strategies to facilitate a continuous process of maturation through lifelong learning?



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Nursing Professional Development (NPD) Standards - References

References

Price MG, Scope It Out: What's In and What's Out. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2017 May/Jun     [PubMed]
Harper MG,Maloney P,Shinners J, Looking Back and Looking Forward Through the Lens of the Nursing Professional Development: Scope and Standards of Practice, 3rd Edition. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2017 Nov/Dec     [PubMed]
Harper M,Maloney P, The Updated Nursing Professional Development Scope and Standards of Practice. Journal of continuing education in nursing. 2017 Jan 1     [PubMed]

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