Nursing Professional Development (NPD)


Article Author:
Barbara Brunt


Article Editor:
Melanie Morris


Editors In Chief:
Sherri Murrell


Managing Editors:
Avais Raja
Orawan Chaigasame
Khalid Alsayouri
Kyle Blair
Radia Jamil
Erin Hughes
Patrick Le
Anoosh Zafar Gondal
Saad Nazir
William Gossman
Hassam Zulfiqar
Navid Mahabadi
Hussain Sajjad
Steve Bhimji
Muhammad Hashmi
John Shell
Matthew Varacallo
Heba Mahdy
Ahmad Malik
Abbey Smiley
Sarosh Vaqar
Mark Pellegrini
James Hughes
Beenish Sohail
Hajira Basit
Phillip Hynes
Sandeep Sekhon


Updated:
7/30/2019 3:15:21 PM

Definition/Introduction

The specialty of nursing professional development (NPD) has evolved over the years. The first educational focus in nursing started with the establishment of the first national nursing organization, the American Society of Superintendents for Training School Nurses in 1893. In 1971, the American Nurses Association established the Council on Continuing Education, and in 1974, Helen Tobin, often referred to as the "Godmother of Staff Development," published The Process of Staff Development: Components for Change. The first standards related to nursing professional development were the Standards for Continuing Education in Nursing, also published in 1974. The Journal for Nurses in Staff Development was first published in 1985, and in 1989  Belinda Peutz spearheaded the establishment and incorporation of the National Nursing Staff Development Organization (NNSDO). NNSDO has now become the Association for Nursing Profesional Development (ANPD). The Association for Nursing Professional Development advances the specialty practice of nursing professional development for the enhancement of healthcare outcomes. There was a tremendous increase in NPD publications and activities in the 1990s. ANPD published the latest Scope and Standards of Practice for Nursing Professional Development in 2016. The standards define Nursing Professional Development as "a specialized nursing practice that facilitates the professional role development and growth of nurses and other healthcare personnel along the continuum from novice to expert."[1]

The focus in the earlier versions of standards was on the relationship between continuing education and staff development, which comprised orientation, in-service, and continuing education. Over the years the model evolved using a systems approach with inputs, throughputs, and outputs. The latest edition of the standards includes inputs of the NPD practitioner and learner. Throughputs include the standards in the center, the NPD roles in the middle and NPD responsibilities in the outer circle. Outputs are the learner, change, and professional role competence and growth, which ultimately lead to optimal care and health and protection of the public.

Issues of Concern

The newest areas of focus in the 2016 standards include: facilitating professional role development, including practice transitions, managing change, championing scientific inquiry, collaborating interprofessionally, and advancing the specialty as leaders and mentors. 

Five current issues in the NPD sphere of influence identified by Woolforde[2] were new practice arenas, new roles in NPD,  increasing diversity, return on investment, and NPD leadership. 

With the changing healthcare environment, roles of health care providers are changing. More care is being provided outside the acute care setting in outpatient care settings, such as clinics, home care, and other specialized care facilities. NPD practitioners need to expand their role to support the transition of nurses and other healthcare team members across learning and practice environments. With the new practice arenas comes new roles for nurses. The Future of Nursing Report from the Institute of Medicine challenges nurses to assume new and expanded roles to help meet the evolving needs of the healthcare system. There are now nurse navigators, health coaches, community health workers, and many new roles in nursing informatics, telehealth, and patient safety. Nursing as a profession and associations such as ANPD are working on ways to increase diversity in the field.  We need to have diverse practitioners to help meet the needs of our diverse population.

Return on investment is another issue that impacts NPD. Ongoing restructuring and healthcare changes continue to reshape how healthcare organizations operate and how they measure success. Return on investment (ROI) is an important factor in the viability of any organization. Using information from articles by Opperman and colleagues on ROI, including a review of the evidence[3] and implications for practice,[4] Garrison and Beverage[5] outlined how they implemented a process to measure ROI for NPD. They provided information on how they calculated ROI for several projects including peritoneal dialysis and clean colon closure. NPD practitioners can use this method to evaluate education priorities and allocate resources based on statistically relevant data.

The capacity of the NPD leader has expanded. NPD value relies heavily on our ability to show value across the board in ways that benefit the entire organization. Brunt and Bogdan outlined[6] information specific to the NPD leadership role in advancing the specialty practice of NPD. An important responsibility of the NPD leader is to help develop a department plan that supports the organization's mission, vision, and strategic goals.

Maloney[7] indicated 3 of the biggest challenges in NPD are to extend leadership beyond the practice setting, demonstrate the value of NPD to health care and patient outcomes, and advocate for the specialty of NPD. This is consistent with issues identified by other authors.

Clinical Significance

Nursing professional development (NPD) practitioners play a critical role in preparing practitioners for current and future roles and helping individuals cope with an ever-changing healthcare environment. They facilitate the professional role development of nurses and other healthcare professionals, encouraging interprofessional education and collaboration. They become champions of scientific inquiry by promoting the generation and dissemination of new knowledge and the use of evidence to influence NPD practice, guide clinical practice, and improve patient care. They actively support, promote, and demonstrate NPD as a nursing practice specialty.


Interested in Participating?

We are looking for contributors to author, edit, and peer review our vast library of review articles and multiple choice questions. In as little as 2-3 hours you can make a significant contribution to your specialty. In return for a small amount of your time, you will receive free access to all content and you will be published as an author or editor in eBooks, apps, online CME/CE activities, and an online Learning Management System for students, teachers, and program directors that allows access to review materials in over 500 specialties.

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor

This is an academic project designed to provide inexpensive peer-reviewed Apps, eBooks, and very soon an online CME/CE system to help students identify weaknesses and improve knowledge. We would like you to consider being an author or editor. Please click here to learn more. Thank you for you for your interest, the StatPearls Publishing Editorial Team.

Nursing Professional Development (NPD) - Questions

Take a quiz of the questions on this article.

Take Quiz
The Association for Nursing Professional Development does what in relation to the specialty practice of nursing professional development for the enhancement of healthcare outcomes?



Click Your Answer Below


Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor and get free access to the entire database, free eBooks, as well as free CME/CE as it becomes available. If interested, please click on "Sign Up" to register.

Purchase- Want immediate access to questions, answers, and teaching points? They can be purchased above at Apps and eBooks.


Sign Up
Which of the following is the least likely role of a Nursing Professional Development practitioner working in a collaborative partnership?



Click Your Answer Below


Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor and get free access to the entire database, free eBooks, as well as free CME/CE as it becomes available. If interested, please click on "Sign Up" to register.

Purchase- Want immediate access to questions, answers, and teaching points? They can be purchased above at Apps and eBooks.


Sign Up
What is the Nursing Professional Development practitioner's goal in creating a career plan?



Click Your Answer Below


Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor and get free access to the entire database, free eBooks, as well as free CME/CE as it becomes available. If interested, please click on "Sign Up" to register.

Purchase- Want immediate access to questions, answers, and teaching points? They can be purchased above at Apps and eBooks.


Sign Up
Which of the following is least likely to be true of external consultants in Nursing Professional Development?



Click Your Answer Below


Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor and get free access to the entire database, free eBooks, as well as free CME/CE as it becomes available. If interested, please click on "Sign Up" to register.

Purchase- Want immediate access to questions, answers, and teaching points? They can be purchased above at Apps and eBooks.


Sign Up
Which of the following is the traditional student in an undergraduate nursing program?



Click Your Answer Below


Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor and get free access to the entire database, free eBooks, as well as free CME/CE as it becomes available. If interested, please click on "Sign Up" to register.

Purchase- Want immediate access to questions, answers, and teaching points? They can be purchased above at Apps and eBooks.


Sign Up
Which association advances the practice of the specialty for the enhancement of healthcare outcomes?



Click Your Answer Below


Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor and get free access to the entire database, free eBooks, as well as free CME/CE as it becomes available. If interested, please click on "Sign Up" to register.

Purchase- Want immediate access to questions, answers, and teaching points? They can be purchased above at Apps and eBooks.


Sign Up
Which of the following statements is not true about the return on investment (ROI)?



Click Your Answer Below


Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor and get free access to the entire database, free eBooks, as well as free CME/CE as it becomes available. If interested, please click on "Sign Up" to register.

Purchase- Want immediate access to questions, answers, and teaching points? They can be purchased above at Apps and eBooks.


Sign Up
What is the implication for nursing professional development (NPD) practitioners of the changing healthcare environment?



Click Your Answer Below


Would you like to access teaching points and more information on this topic?

Improve Content - Become an Author or Editor and get free access to the entire database, free eBooks, as well as free CME/CE as it becomes available. If interested, please click on "Sign Up" to register.

Purchase- Want immediate access to questions, answers, and teaching points? They can be purchased above at Apps and eBooks.


Sign Up

Nursing Professional Development (NPD) - References

References

Harper MG,Maloney P,Shinners J, Looking Back and Looking Forward Through the Lens of the Nursing Professional Development: Scope and Standards of Practice, 3rd Edition. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2017 Nov/Dec     [PubMed]
Woolforde L, Nursing Professional Development: Our Spheres of Expansion. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2018 Jul/Aug     [PubMed]
Garrison E,Beverage J, Implementing a Process to Measure Return on Investment for Nursing Professional Development. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2018 Jan/Feb     [PubMed]
Opperman C,Liebig D,Bowling J,Johnson CS,Harper M, Measuring Return on Investment for Professional Development Activities: A Review of the Evidence. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2016 May-Jun     [PubMed]
Opperman C,Liebig D,Bowling J,Johnson CS,Harper M, Measuring Return on Investment for Professional Development Activities: Implications for Practice. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2016 Jul-Aug     [PubMed]
Brunt BA,Bogdan BA, Nursing Professional Development (NPD), Leadership null. 2018 Jan     [PubMed]
Maloney P, Nursing Professional Development: Standards of Professional Practice. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2016 Nov/Dec     [PubMed]

Disclaimer

The intent of StatPearls is to provide practice questions and explanations to assist you in identifying and resolving knowledge deficits. These questions and explanations are not intended to be a source of the knowledge base of all of medicine, nor is it intended to be a board or certification review of Nurse-Elder Adult Care. The authors or editors do not warrant the information is complete or accurate. The reader is encouraged to verify each answer and explanation in several references. All drug indications and dosages should be verified before administration.

StatPearls offers the most comprehensive database of free multiple-choice questions with explanations and short review chapters ever developed. This system helps physicians, medical students, dentists, nurses, pharmacists, and allied health professionals identify education deficits and learn new concepts. StatPearls is not a board or certification review system for Nurse-Elder Adult Care, it is a learning system that you can use to help improve your knowledge base of medicine for life-long learning. StatPearls will help you identify your weaknesses so that when you are ready to study for a board or certification exam in Nurse-Elder Adult Care, you will already be prepared.

Our content is updated continuously through a multi-step peer review process that will help you be prepared and review for a thorough knowledge of Nurse-Elder Adult Care. When it is time for the Nurse-Elder Adult Care board and certification exam, you will already be ready. Besides online study quizzes, we also publish our peer-reviewed content in eBooks and mobile Apps. We also offer inexpensive CME/CE, so our content can be used to attain education credits while you study Nurse-Elder Adult Care.